HISTORY of KONYA
Konya is one of the oldest settlements of
Anatolia. Konyas history goes back to prehistoric ages. It is understood with
the researches that settlement was established in Konya in the years of
In ancient times, the city used to be named
Çatalhöyük, which is the oldest and most
advanced Neolithic era settlement found so far, is in the borders of Konya. In
July 2012, Çatalhöyük was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Throughout the history, it was under
control of the Hittites, Phrygians, Roman and Byzantines Empires, Seljuk and
Anatolian Seljuk States. At the end Ottoman Empire ruled Konya.
Konya was conquered by Suleyman Shah, the
ruler of the Seljuk Empire. After the foundation of Anatolian Seljuk State,
Konya came under the hegemony of this state.
At the year 1074, Anatolian Seljuk Empire
is established and İznik which is capital city of Anatolian Seljuk, at the end
of first Crusade the capital city of this empire is moved to Konya. After being
capital, Konya is developed day by day and decorated by very much architectural
work, in short time is becomed one of the most developed city.
The city being the capital of Anatolian
Seljuk State for long years, entered the rule of Karamanids (Karamanoğulları
Beyliği) in 1277 and then entered the Ottoman rule with Fatih Sultan Mehmets
putting an end to Karamanid Dynasty.
Fatih Sultan Mehmet constituted Karaman
State as 4th State at 1470, Konya is executed the center of this
state. At 17th century Karaman states border is enlarged, by the
change of name takes new name which is Konya State at Tanzimat Reform Era.
During the Ottoman Empire, the tomb of Hz.
Mevlana restored in the period of Yavuz Sultan Selim (Selim I). Also during the
time of Selim II, various investments were made in Konya. During the time of
Abdulhamit II, railway connection was established. Especially, in 1901, with
the assignment of Ferit Pasha as the governor, the development of the city was
After the 1st World War, some
parts of the city were invaded by Italy for a very short period of time. Apart
from it was not exposed to any other occupation of a foreign country.
Having a developed trade sector since the
old periods due to its geographical location, Konya was the scene of intense
commercial activity during Seljuk and Ottoman periods as well, by being on the
route of caravans which was known as silk road.
Today, with its surface area of 40.813,52
km² (15.758,1 sq mi) and its population of over 2 million, Konya is one of the
important cities of Turkish Republic.
In 1989, Konya became a metropolitan
municipality. Selçuklu, Meram and Karatay are central districts of Konya and
Konya continues its development with these districts.