5 REASONS FOR THE ENERGY INVESTMENTS IN KONYA
1. High Renewable Energy Potential
To begin with, a very high renewable energy potential exists in our region. Our country, when compared to Germany which has many investments in solar energy sector, has approximately twice more efficient in terms of solar energy potential. The most productive regions of our country in terms of solar radiation rates are in the southern regions. However, southern regions of our country are mostly touristic sites, therefore it is very difficult to construct a solar power plant in these parts. In the evaluations of the investors for solar power plant investments, we see that there are also factors like the land’s availability for agriculture and the distance between the plant and energy transmission lines besides the solar energy potential of the region. At this point, our region gets the edge on because it is one of the rare regions which provides all of these criteria. The investors who will invest in our region, will benefit from both, the opportunity of investing in the region with the biggest solar energy potential and nonarable lands within the borders of power substation.
2. Highest Permission Capacity
It has been confirmed by the Ministry of Enegy and Natural Resources that Konya&Karaman is the region having the greatest potential for solar enegy investments in Turkey. All the regions in Turkey could be licensed for solar energy investments with a total capacity of 600 MW till the end of 2013 which were listed with the study which was performed by the Ministry and published in the official gazette dated 8 January 2011. With this study, investment permissions have been given for 27 regions in all over Turkey, in total. Among these 27 regions that have been allowed Konya has been determined as the region getting the greatest capacity. 92 MW portion of the investments of 600 MW has been allocated to Konya, which was given 13 power substations. Besides, a capacity of 38 MW has been allocated to Karaman, which was determined to have 3 power substations. An investment capacity of 130 MW in total was given to Konya&Karaman. Thus, 20% of the solar energy investments, which will be made in Turkey till the end of 2015, will be realized in the region. I think that with its flat, large and nonarable land, our region will continue to attract the investors by being the most intense region in terms of solar enegy plants in the near future.
3. Ready Infrastructure and Land
Another factor that makes our region most suitable is, for sure, ready infrastructure and available land facilities to energy investments. There are large and nonarable lands in Konya, especially in Karapinar. 59.586.876 square meters of area that has been declared as Industrial Zone Specialized in Energy which will be given further incentives in addition to the current incentive system, will be available to investors. The installed capacity of region's potential for solar power plants is 4000 MW. The Power Substation which will be connected by the manufacturers is at the border of the declared land. With the investments in the region, we think that in an area of 1 m², between 60 KWh and 90 KWh of energy could be produced annually. This amount of energy production per square meter can bring annualy the minimum income of 8 USD/m2/year. When compared to similar places, this area has approximately U.S. $ 10 billion economic value. Also, the studies for Energy Zone with similar physical characteristics in Ayranci, Karaman have been carried out.
4. Energy Incentives
One of the most important reasons to make a solar energy investment is the guarantee of purchase of the generated energy by the government for ten years. According to the Renewable Energy Law in Turkey, investments which will start the operating process until 2015, the energy prices base fee is determined as 13,3 USD cent/Kwh. In case of the construction of the production facilities with the domestic resources, government will purchase the generated energy in PV technology for a maximum fee of 20 USD cent / KWh for first 5 years and for a fee of 13,3 USD / cent KWh for the next five years.
5. Strong Industrial Infrastructure
Our region has a very strong industrial infrastructure. There are 77 companies in solar energy technology sector operating in areas such as PV panel, metal construction, eva, glass, solar tracking system, gel and gel battery group, electronic control system, inverter, charge control, metering, connection elements, cable and its equipment,collector and reflectives, CSP and PV plant installation engineering, steam turbine etc. Besides, with the foundation of Renewable Energy Center which will be within the Regional Innovation Center that has been planned to build in Konya in 2014, R&D studies will be performed and this center will contribute the development of the sector.
Konya, as a plain, sunny and the largest city of Turkey, is an advantageous province in respect of renewable energy resources. The city has the advantage of generating electricity from wind power at its southern districts such as Seydisehir, Taskent, Ermenek, Sariveliler and Basyayla. The potential total power capacity of wind power plants to be installed is approximately 2.000 MW for Konya.
In terms of solar energy; with high sun radiation values and availability of suitable fields, the province has significant global competitive advantages for solar investments. Currently, there is a special renewable energy industrial zone for energy investments with more than 60 million m2 area in Karapinar/Konya. In addition to the current solar power plant investments, the activities to establish the biggest solar power plant of the world has been initiated in Karapinar District of Konya. 6 billion US Dollars of investment will be made in total in 3 phases for the solar power plants with 3.000 MW capacity in total. 1.000 MW capacity first tender was signed in March 2016 with the partnership of Turkish Kalyon and South Korean Hanwa Q companies.